Plumbing Pipes and The Types

Every building must have plumbing to allow the people who use it to do activities that require water, such as taking a bath, washing, and going to the toilet.

There are some types of plumbing pipes that we know to make sure we have chosen the right pipe for our plumbing systems. In this article, we will see some types of plumbing and how they contribute to residential plumbing.

Types Of Plumbing Pipes

Types of Plastic Water Pipe

PVC water pipe

PVS stands for Poly Vinyl Chloride. The function of this pipe is to drain clean water, used water, drainage, and rainwater. People sometimes use a different color to make it easier to differentiate the function of each pipe. The usual color for this pipe is white.

Types of Plastic Water Pipe

CPVC water pipe

CPVC stands for Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride. This pipe can resist the temperature until 1,800°C. This pipe is usually used in water supply lines for hot and cold water installation.

Copper water pipe

This is one of the plumbing pipes used in refrigerant installation because of its high heat resistance. It can also be used above and inside the ground. Its durability makes it a preferred choice for water distribution.

Read also: 5 Most Used Types of Plumbing Piping

PEX Pipe

It stands for Cross-linked Polyethylene. This type of pipe can be used in cold and hot water installation. It can also be used for hydraulics because of its tolerance for hot and cold water. The PEX pipe is known for being easy to install and is increasingly popular in modern plumbing systems.

Galvanized water pipe

This one is made from metal and steel as its cover. The installation of this pipe needs a lot of accuracy. This pipe can be used above and inside the soil. However, due to issues with corrosion and the potential for lead release, it’s less commonly used in residential plumbing systems.

HDPE water pipe

HDPE stands for High-Density Polyethylene. This pipe is made from non-toxic plastic piping that has high elasticity. This one is suitable for daily use in the house.

PP-R water piper

This pipe is made from polypropylene random. It can drain water that has high temperature and tension. It’s often chosen for its robustness in carrying hot water and being part of a water supply line that demands high water pressure.

Types of Plumbing Pipe Materials

Metal pipes have been the backbone of plumbing for decades due to their strength and durability. Cast iron pipes and galvanized steel are among the oldest materials used in plumbing. Cast iron is especially known for its robustness and is commonly used for drain lines in older buildings. Its main advantages include its longevity and ability to dampen flowing water’s noise. However, it’s heavy and requires significant support.

In addition to these traditional materials, modern plumbing has embraced ABS pipe, a type of plastic piping that combines ease of installation with robustness, making it an ideal choice for drain lines and vent lines due to its heat resistance and durability.

When selecting materials for plumbing systems, it’s crucial to consider the specific needs of your residential plumbing. Whether you’re dealing with high water pressure, need pipes that can handle hot water distribution, or require materials that are easy to install, a wide range of options are available to meet every need.

Choosing the right pipe for the specific drainage is essential as it will affect the drainage efficiency. With the right pipe, water will drain perfectly, supporting a household’s daily needs and ensuring the plumbing system’s longevity and reliability.

Types of Plumbing Pipes Materials

There are some kinds of materials that are used to make the pipes. Generally,  there are seven kinds of materials to make the pipe, which are :

  1. Carbon steel
  2. moly
  3. ferronickel
  4. Stainless steel
  5. PVC (paralon)
  6. Chrome-moly

And then specifically, there are also seven kinds of materials, which are:

  1. Fiberglass
  2. Aluminum
  3. Wrought iron
  4. Cooper
  5. Red brass
  6. Nickel cooper
  7. Nickel chrome iron

There are also seven rules to choose the materials before the company makes them:

  1. The pipes for the power plant
  2. The pipes for the air and gas industry
  3. The pipes for refining crude oil
  4. The pipes for oil-carrying
  5. The pipes for cooling
  6. The pipes for nuclear power
  7. The pipes for gas distribution and transmission
  8. Different Types of Pipes for Plumbing 

Three kinds of pipes are used to drain the water: clean water, used water, and dirty water. 

The Pipes for Clean Water

  1. HDPE pipes—it stands for High- high-density polyethylene. It is suitable for clean water because the degree of swiftness is shallow and very flexible.
  2. PP-R pipe—this one is perfect for hot clean water
  3. PVC-0 pipe—the volume of the water that will be drained from this pipe is huge

The Pipes for Used-Water

  1. PVC pipe
  2. Silent technology pipe—this is perfect for high buildings or for those who want their sewerage quite

The Pipes for Dirty Water

  1. PVC pipe for wastewater—this pipe is specially made for water waste; the majority color of this pipe is brown
  2. Astolan pipe—this is made for draining wastewater that has a high-temperature
  3. PVC pipe
  4. Silent technology pipe

Those are the types of plumbing pipes and the brief information about pipes that people might need to know to choose the right pipe for their needs.

It is essential to choose the right one because it will affect the drainage. Choosing the right pipe for the specific drainage will make the water drain perfect and help with daily needs. 

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HomeTips is an experienced author and expert technician. With years of practical experience in the field authored several informative articles on various aspects related to home improvement, including installation, maintenance, and repair.